The Eno River, named after the
who once lived along its banks, is the initial tributary of the Neuse River in
North Carolina.. It rises in Orange County, while the river's
occupies most of Orange and Durham counties.
Five historic tribes or
subgroups appear to have lived on the lands near and
around the Eno river. The Eno, Shocco
and Adshusheer, all regarded as a mixture of Sioux
Indians, settled in villages and farmed the lands. They were
joined in the late seventeenth century by the Occaneechi, kindred Sioux, who built their town
on the Eno near the present day town of Hillsborough,
The group known as the Eno tribe is believed to have
moved into the northern South Carolina around 1716.
Protection of the Eno
River Basin: Cultural History & Conservation Efforts:
The Eno is a relatively
short river, spanning 40 miles in Orange and Durham
counties, and rich in cultural history.
Archaeologists tell us that
at least five groups of American Indians lived along the
banks of the Eno before European settlers arrived.
They farmed the land and established villages near what
are today the town of Hillsborough and city of Durham,
When European settlers moved
into the area in the 1700's, they established up to 30
mills along the Eno that became important both as
commercial as well as cultural centers.
Citizen conservation efforts
in protecting the Eno River Basin center on this rich
cultural history as well as water quality protection.
Mills, otherwise known as
grist mills and powered by waterwheels, were
commercially important to farmers and one of the early
expressions of capitalism in our country, often giving
rise to secondary businesses. When European
settlers moved into the area in the 1700's, up to 30
mills sprouted up along the Eno.
But besides being
commercially important, mills became the cultural
centers of their time as well.
Start: American Indians along the Eno
As the population of Durham continued to grow into the
late 1960's, the city made plans to dam the Eno and
create a new reservoir.
A group of local citizens came together to raise
awareness about the project, forming the Association for
the Preservation of the Eno River Valley..
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The Neuse River
- is a river rising in the Piedmont of
North Carolina and emptying into Pamlico Sound below New
Bern. Its total length is approximately 275 miles,
making it the longest river entirely contained in North
The Eno River
- named for the Eno Indians who once lived
along its banks, is the initial tributary of the Neuse
River in North Carolina, USA. The Eno rises in Orange
County. The river's watershed occupies most of Orange
and Durham counties.
- a major body of water in Wake County,
North Carolina. The creek is a tributary of the Neuse
River. It begins in the town of Cary and flows
through Morrisville, William B. Umstead State Park, and the northern sections of